Last updateTue, 20 Apr 2010 7pm

CSR in Bulgaria

2. The Bulgarian Legislation in the Corporate Social Responsibility Domain

Bulgaria The Bulgarian labour legislation has a history of almost 100 years. It has been changed and developed during the years following the changes in the economy and the labour market.

Hereafter are presented the main pieces of legislation related to the human resource aspects of the CSR in Bulgaria.


4 sub-chapters + source info:

2.1 Primary legislation (NB: more details in the article)

  • Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria: including the basic human rights
  • Labour Code
  • Health and Safety at Work Act: Provides the rights and obligations of the state, the employers, the workers and the employees, other organisations and corporate bodies for ensuring healthy and safe labour conditions
  • Social Insurance Code: Settles the relations regarding the state public insurance for general disease, labour accident, professional disease, motherhood, unemployment, old age and death; and the additional social insurance
  • Collective Disputes Settling Act: Sets the framework for settling the collective labour disputes
  • Non-Discrimination Act: Prohibits every form of discrimination based on gender, race, nationality, ethnicity, human genome, citizenship, origin, religion or beliefs, education, convictions, age, sexual orientation, marital status, property status,etc.
  • Accountancy Act: Sets the rules for keeping payment documentation.


2.2 Secondary legislation (NB: more details in the article)

  • Ordinance on minimum OSH requirements at the workplace and in use of equipment
  • Ordinance for instructing the employees on safety and health and fire prevention
  • Ordinance on the order, method and regularity for carrying out of risk assessment
  • Ordinance on the rooms for personal hygiene of women and rest of pregnant women
  • Ordinance on jobs prohibited for juveniles
  • Ordinance of the work of persons under 15 years
  • Ordinance on reduced working hours
  • Ordinance on the documents necessary to sign an employment agreement
  • Ordinance on working time, rest and leave
  • Ordinance on labour readjustment
  • Ordinance on the structure and organization of the salary/wage


2.3 Various other regulations concerning CSR  (NB: more details in the article)

Over 60 are still operating, e.g.:

  • Ordinance on the protection of workers from risks related to working with asbestos
  • Ordinance on the minimal prerequisites for safe and healthy labour environment at construction and assembling
  • Ordinance on the order and conditions for the right of a collectible leave, for work in harmful conditions or specific conditions
  • Ordinance on giving directions to the workmen and employees on labour safety and hygiene, and fire prevention
  • Ordinance on the minimal requirements for health and safety at work, by using personal protection
  • Ordinance on the minimal requirements for health and safety of workers exposed to vibrations
  • Ordinance on obligatory preliminary and regular checkups for workers
  • Ordinance on hard and harmful jobs, forbidden for women, etc.


2.4 International legislation related to CSR ratified by Bulgaria (NB: more details in the article)

Bulgaria has been and is an active member of the international labour bodies (such as the International Labour Organisation) practically from their foundation.




UN Conventions
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) 1966 1966
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 1966 1970
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) 1966 1970
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) 1979 1982
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) 1989 1991
International Convention on the Protection of the Right of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) 1990 Not yet signed
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2006 2007 signed,  not ratified
Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948
UN Principles for Older Persons (Resolution 46/91 adopted by General Assembly) 1991
UN Millennium Declaration (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly) (Millennium Development Goals) ( 2000
Council of Europe - European Social Charter (revised) 1996 2000



ILO Conventions
(C29) Forced Labour Convention 1930 1932
(C87) Freedom of Association and  Protection of the Right to Organize Convention 1948 1959
(C98) Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention 1949 1959
(C100) Equal Remuneration Convention 1951 1955
(C105) Abolition of Forced Labour Convention 1957 1998
(C111) Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention 1958 1960
(C122) Employment Policy Convention 1964 1966
(C138) Minimum Age Convention 1973 1980
(C182) Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention 1999 2000
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) 1973 1990
UN Convention on Climate Change 1992 1995 with comments
UN Convention on Biological Diversity 1998 2000
UN Environment Programme - Rio Declaration on Environment and Development (Agenda 21) 1992
OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions 1997 1998
UN Convention Against Corruption 2005 2006


Source: part of an article published in "Management et Avenir", special issue on HERMES-OSR findings and results, by Dimitar MATEV, Zlatka GOSPODINOVA from the Balkan Institute for Labour and Social Policy (BILSP), and Georgi PEEV and Krassimir YORDANOV from the New Bulgarian University (NBU).

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